Melipona quadrifasciata

Overview

Melipona quadrifasciata is a eusocial bee in the hymenopteran family Apidae. This species belongs to the Meliponini tribe of stingless bees, which is the only other lineage of bees with a complex social organization, comparable to that of the honey bees in the Apini tribe [1]. Similar to honey bees, M. quadrifasciata colonies are perennial and have a single reproductive queen with many non-reproductive workers. Several aspects of the social behavior of M. quadrifasciata differ substantially from that of honey bees, however. First, M. quadrifasciata colonies typically have 300-400 workers and are thus much smaller than honey bee colonies [1]. Second, like all stingless bees, M. quadrifasciata workers provision cells with all the pollen and nectar the larvae will need to consume during development at the time the queen lays the egg [1]. Third, whether a female develops as a queen or a worker has both a genetic and environmental (i.e., larval diet) component [2]. Finally, M. quadrifasciata foragers recruit nestmates to food sources, but are limited in how well they can communicate distance [3].

M. quadrifasciata is found throughout southeastern coastal Brazil, where they nest in tree holes, abandoned mud bird nests, or in the ground [1]. These bees are also kept for greenhouse pollination and honey harvesting, and thus play an important role in agriculture in Brazil.

References cited
1. Michener CD: The social behavior of the bees. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 1974.
2. Kerr WE, Nielsen RA: Evidences that genetically determined Melipona queens can become workers. Genetics 1966, 54:859-866.
3. Jarau S, Hrncir M, Zucchi R, Barth FG: Recruitment behavior in stingless bees, Melipona scutellaris and M. quadrifasciata. I. Foraging at food sources differing in direction and distance. Apidologie 2000, 31:81-91.

Community contact:

Image Credit: Thiago Mlaker, Public Domain. View source
Organism Image
Feature Summary
The following features are currently present for this organism
Feature TypeCount
There are no feature counts to report. If you have loaded features for this organism then re-populate the organism_feature_count materialized view.
Contig N50
NA
Scaffold N50
1864352
Community Contact
Community Contact: 
Karen Kapheim|karen.kapheim@usu.edu
Hailin Pan|panhailin@genomics.cn
Image Credit
Thiago Mlaker, Public Domain. <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6258608">View source</a>

Assembly Information

Analysis Name Melipona quadrifasciata genome assembly Mqua.v1.0 (ASM127656v1)
Software SOAPdenovo (2.03)
Source BioProject PRJNA279820
Date performed 2015-09-04
Materials & Methods Details of the assembly are available from the following publication:
Social evolution. Genomic signatures of evolutionary transitions from solitary to group living. Science. 2015 Jun 5;348(6239):1139-43. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa4788. Epub 2015 May 14.

Statistics

Assembly Metrics
Contig N50 NA
Scaffold N50 1864352
GC Content 36.10