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The adult fly is small, up to 3 mm, has a dark brown body, small head and its legs and wings are comparatively long, looking like a mosquito. These insects feed on decaying organic matter and fungi. They are often found in greenhouses. Their larvae are up to 6 mm long, white, slender and legless, with a black head and smooth semi-transparent skin which reveals the contents of the digestive tract.
Sex determination in Sciara is a different mechanism. Sciara basically has 4 pairs of chromosomes 3 pairs of autosomes and one pair of allosomes. Some special chromosomes called limited chromosomes are present in certain stages. The zygote has 3 pairs of autosomes a one or more limited chromosomes and 3 X chromosome (2 fathers’, 1 mother's).
Urban JM, Foulk MS, Bliss JE, Coleman CM, Lu N, Mazloom R, Brown SJ, Spradling AC, Gerbi SA. High contiguity de novo genome assembly and DNA modification analyses for the fungus fly, Sciara coprophila, using single-molecule sequencing.. BMC genomics. 2021 Sep 06; 22(1):643.
|Bradysia coprophila genome assembly BU_Bcop_v1 ( GCF_014529535.1)||Canu||Sep 10th, 2020|
|NCBI Bradysia coprophila Annotation Release 100||NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation Pipeline||Nov 3rd, 2020|
|Bradysia coprophila annotations Bradysia_coprophila.Bcop_v1.0||Maker||Jun 25th, 2021|
|Functional annotation of NCBI Bradysia coprophila Annotation Release 100||AgBase functional annotation pipeline||Oct 8th, 2021|