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Bombus terrestris

Resource Type
Common Name
buff-tailed bumblebee

Bombus terrestris, the buff-tailed bumblebee or large earth bumblebee, is one of the most numerous bumblebee species in Europe. It is one of the main species used in greenhouse pollination, and so can be found in many countries and areas where it is not native, such as Tasmania. Moreover, it is a eusocial insect with an overlap of generations, a division of labor, and cooperative brood care. The queen is monandrous which means she mates with only one male. B. terrestris workers learn flower colors and forage efficiently.

Genome update. Previously, the i5k Workspace@NAL hosted Bombus terrestris genome assembly Bter_1.0 (GCF_000214255.1), NCBI Bombus terrestris Annotation Release 102, and Bombus terrestris annotations Bombus_terrestris_v1.4, which were provided by BeeBase. The assembly and annotations have been updated to the most recent assembly, iyBomTerr1.2 (GCF_910591885.1), and annotations, NCBI Bombus terrestris Annotation Release 103 and Functional annotation of NCBI Bombus terrestris Annotation Release 103.

Sadd BM, Barribeau SM, Bloch G, de Graaf DC, Dearden P, Elsik CG, Gadau J, Grimmelikhuijzen CJ, Hasselmann M, Lozier JD, Robertson HM, Smagghe G, Stolle E, Van Vaerenbergh M, Waterhouse RM, Bornberg-Bauer E, Klasberg S, Bennett AK, Câmara F, Guigó R, Hoff K, Mariotti M, Munoz-Torres M, Murphy T, Santesmasses D, Amdam GV, Beckers M, Beye M, Biewer M, Bitondi MM, Blaxter ML, Bourke AF, Brown MJ, Buechel SD, Cameron R, Cappelle K, Carolan JC, Christiaens O, Ciborowski KL, Clarke DF, Colgan TJ, Collins DH, Cridge AG, Dalmay T, Dreier S, du Plessis L, Duncan E, Erler S, Evans J, Falcon T, Flores K, Freitas FC, Fuchikawa T, Gempe T, Hartfelder K, Hauser F, Helbing S, Humann FC, Irvine F, Jermiin LS, Johnson CE, Johnson RM, Jones AK, Kadowaki T, Kidner JH, Koch V, Köhler A, Kraus FB, Lattorff HM, Leask M, Lockett GA, Mallon EB, Antonio DS, Marxer M, Meeus I, Moritz RF, Nair A, Näpflin K, Nissen I, Niu J, Nunes FM, Oakeshott JG, Osborne A, Otte M, Pinheiro DG, Rossié N, Rueppell O, Santos CG, Schmid-Hempel R, Schmitt BD, Schulte C, Simões ZL, Soares MP, Swevers L, Winnebeck EC, Wolschin F, Yu N, Zdobnov EM, Aqrawi PK, Blankenburg KP, Coyle M, Francisco L, Hernandez AG, Holder M, Hudson ME, Jackson L, Jayaseelan J, Joshi V, Kovar C, Lee SL, Mata R, Mathew T, Newsham IF, Ngo R, Okwuonu G, Pham C, Pu LL, Saada N, Santibanez J, Simmons D, Thornton R, Venkat A, Walden KK, Wu YQ, Debyser G, Devreese B, Asher C, Blommaert J, Chipman AD, Chittka L, Fouks B, Liu J, O'Neill MP, Sumner S, Puiu D, Qu J, Salzberg SL, Scherer SE, Muzny DM, Richards S, Robinson GE, Gibbs RA, Schmid-Hempel P, Worley KC. The genomes of two key bumblebee species with primitive eusocial organization.. Genome biology. 2015 Apr 24; 16:76.
Organism Image
Image Credit
Ivar Leidus. View Source. CC BY-SA 4.0.
NameProgramDate Constructed
Bombus terrestris annotations Bombus_terrestris_v1.4Augustus, GlimmerHMM, SNAP, TBLASTN, GLEANAug 20th, 2017
NCBI Bombus terrestris Annotation Release 102NCBI Eukaryotic annotation pipelineApr 25th, 2017
Bombus terrestris genome assembly Bter_1.0 (GCF_000214255.1)Newbler v. 2.3-PreRelease-10/19/2009 and PhrapJun 3rd, 2011
Functional annotation of NCBI Bombus terrestris Annotation Release 102AgBase functional annotation pipelineFeb 24th, 2022
Bombus terrestris genome assembly iyBomTerr1.2 (GCF_910591885.1)Hifiasm, FreeBayes, LongRanger, Hi-C, SALSA2, MitoHifi, gEVALFeb 9th, 2022
NCBI Bombus terrestris Annotation Release 103NCBI Eukaryotic Genome Annotation PipelineMay 26th, 2022
Functional annotation of NCBI Bombus terrestris Annotation Release 103AgBase functional annotation pipelineAug 1st, 2023
Assembly Stats
Contig N50
Scaffold N50
GC Content
Other Information
Community Contact
Chris Elsik, University of Missouri