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Varroa destructor


The ectoparasitic mite Varroa destructor, of the mite order Mesostigmata, originated in Asia as a pest of the Asian honey bee (Apis cerana).  However, subsequent to making a host switch and becoming a primary parasite of the domesticated Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), it has successfully spread almost worldwide and is considered the most damaging pest to beekeeping.  V. destructor is an obligate parasite of immature and adult bees, and is a confirmed vector of viral pathogens important for bee health.
Genomic and transcriptomic data from V. destructor and its sister species Varroa jacobsoni, which also recently switched hosts, will allow for a comparative approach to understanding the mechanisms underlying host switches and enable population genomics studies aiming to reconstruct global demographic history and dispersal of V. destructor.

Community contact:

Image Credit: Maeva Techer, CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Assembly Information

Analysis Name
Varroa destructor genome assembly Vdes_3.0 (GCF_002443255.1)
Newbler v. 2.6; pbjelly v. 15.8.24
Date performed
Materials & Methods

Sequencing platform and version: PacBio RSII; Illumina HiSeq 2500


For PacBio RSII data

- Geo location: 26.477 N 127.835 E, Japan:Okinawa, OIST, Sea Side apiary

- Tissues/Life stages included: whole mites, 1207 Varroa destructor mites pooled

- Sex: females

- Strain: Korean

- Other notes: collected on Apis mellifera


For Illumina HiSeq 2500

- Geo location: 26.477 N 127.835 E, Japan:Okinawa, OIST, Sea Side apiary

- Tissues/Life stages included: whole mite, one adult reproductive mite

- Sex: male

- Strain: Korean

- Other notes: collected within one Apis mellifera worker red eye pupae capped cell


Data source URL:





Assembly Metrics

Contig N50
Scaffold N50
GC Content

Data Files

NameLast modifiedSize
folder-parentParent Directory
folderCurrent Genome Assembly2018-09-19 19:29
folderVdes_3.02018-09-19 19:29